Puerto Rico

©2001 HUNTER PUBLISHING, INC

ern Hemisphere. Much of the cave system remains unexplored. On the south side of the island, the wide, arid coastal plains spread from the central mountains to the Caribbean Sea, and give way to an area of dry tropical forest in the southwest, characterized by blackish sands, spiny cacti and other gnarled desert plants. Mangroves and white sand beaches ring the island, and there are a number of rich coral growths. The southwest and southeastern capes rise from the sea in red cliffs. Puerto Rico is often referred to an island (including, for the sake of simplicity, in this book), which is technically inaccurate. It is an archipelago. Besides dozens of small cays, Puerto Rico includes four sizeable islands - Culebra and Vieques to the east and Isla Mona and Desecheo to the west.

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