Vestiges Of The Piast Dynasty

The Piast dynasty witnessed the development of Romanesque and early Gothic architecture. Romanesque churches have survived in Tum (see p229), Czerwinsk (see p114) and Tyniec (see p145). The abbeys in Sulejow, W^chock (see p152) and Koprzywnica date from the 13th century. Some of the Gothic castles of Kazimierz the Great can be seen in the Jura region - for example at Bçdzin, Olsztyn and Bobolice (see pp158-9).

The Crypt of St Leonard is a vestige of the Romanesque cathedral at Wawel Royal Castle in Cracow (see pp138-9).

The Crypt of St Leonard is a vestige of the Romanesque cathedral at Wawel Royal Castle in Cracow (see pp138-9).

The castle at B^dzin is the best-preserved of all the Gothic castles built by Kazimierz the Great (see p205).

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1241 Defeat at the Battle of Legnica against the Mongols

1320 Coronation of Wladislaw the Elbow-High and the unification of the Polish state

Kazimierz the Great conquers western Ruthenia (Rus Halicko-Wofynska)

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1226 Konrad Mazowiecki invites the Teutonic Order to Masovia

1370 Louis of Hungary (Ludwik Wçgierski) seizes the Polish

1226 Konrad Mazowiecki invites the Teutonic Order to Masovia

Coronation sword oof Bolesiaw the Brave

The initials of Kazimierz the Great on the door of Wawel Cathedral

The initials of Kazimierz the Great on the door of Wawel Cathedral

1370 Louis of Hungary (Ludwik Wçgierski) seizes the Polish crown

Jagiellonian coat of arms

Jagiellonian coat of arms

Poland under the Jagiellonians

The treaty signed in Krewo in 1385 uniting the Polish and the Lithuanian states proved to be a decisive moment in the history of Central Europe. The great Lithuanian prince Wladyslaw Jagiello received the hand of Jadwiga, the young and beautiful queen of Poland, and was crowned king of Poland. Jadwiga died in 1399, but the relationship between Poland and Lithuania established by the Union of Krewo was gradually strengthened. Jagiello founded the Jagiellonian dynasty and, by the reign of Kazimierz the Jagiellonian in the mid-15th century, Poland and Lithuania had come to be the greatest power in central Europe. The Jagiellonian kings also ruled the Czech nations and Hungary.

Second Treaty of Torun

Signed in 1466, the treaty concluded the Thirteen Years' War with the Teutonic Knights, who lost nearly half their territory to Poland.

Ulryk von Jungingen, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order

Ulryk von Jungingen, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order

Chapel at Lublin Castle

Ruthenian paintings in the Catholic Chapel of the Holy Trinity founded by Wladislaw Jagiello reflect the multicultural nature of the Polish-Lithuanian state.

REPUBLIC OF TWO NATIONS IN THE YEARS 1386-1434

□ Feudal territories

□ Feudal territories

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