The Kargul and Pawlak Museum

Tel 075 783 3 5 73. 10am-4pm Tue-Fri, 11am-4pm, Sat, Sun. & www.sami-swoi.com.pl This museum is housed in Plociennik House, built in the 16th century and reconstructed around 1700. Its collection includes items used during the making of Sylwester Ch cinski's film Sami The imposing outline of Czoch Castle in Sucha The Foothills of the Karkonosze Mountains The Karkonosze Mountains, the highest in the Sudeten (Sudety) chain, draw holidaymakers all year round, There are many...

Around Wolin

Wolin's forests, deserted sandy beaches and picturesque, sometimes dramatic, coastal cliffs delight walkers and inspire photographers. Wolin also has plenty to offer those with an interest in historic buildings - the cathedral in Kamien Pomorski is one of the finest in Poland. This renowned health resort was created in 1830. It has a seafront promenade and a pier from which the cliffs can be admired. It is also a good base for hiking in Wolin National Park. The town straddles Poland's two...

Przebendowski Radziwillow Palace O

Tel 022 826 90 91. E-2, 100, 107, 111, 116, 119, 122, 127, 171, 174, 175, 180, 195, 303, 409, 410, 503, 515, 518, 520, 522, 524. V 4, 13, 15, 18, 23, 35, 36. Q Ratusz. Independence Museum (Muzeum Niepodleglosci) 10am-5pm Tue-Fri, 10am-4pm Sat, Sun & (free on Sun). 8 www.muzeumniepodleglosci.art.pl Before World War II, this Baroque palace was in a narrow shopping street. When the East-West (W-Z) route was constructed (1948-9), it was suddenly surrounded by a...

Bialowieza National Park P

5 (085 681 23 06 or 681 29 01). www.bpn.com.pl The Bialowieza Forest, covering almost 1,500 sq km (580 sq miles), is the largest natural forest in Europe. It lies partly in Poland and partly in Belarus. The larger -Belarussian - part is virtually inaccessible to tourists the Polish part became a national park in 1932. Many parts of the park have preserved their natural character - that of a primeval forest. The areas of greatest interest may be visited only with a guide. Recently, the park's...

Romanesque Architecture Tour r

Wielkopolska from the earliest days of the Polish nation in the 10th century. For hundreds of years most building in Poland was in wood, and more durable brick or stone architecture was rare. A tour of pre-Romanesque and Romanesque buildings in Wielkopolska might start at Gniezno, then take in Trzemeszno and Mogilno. The finest Romanesque architecture in Poland is to be found in Romanesque gtrzelno - examples are the Rotunda of strzeino Procopius and the Church of the Holy Trinity, with its...

Staszic Palace O

E-1, E-2, E-3, 102, 111, 116, 122, 150, 155, 174, 175, 180, 192, 195, 303, 403, 503, 506, 518. Contrary to what its name suggests, Staszic Palace (Palac Staszica) never belonged to Stanislaw Staszic, nor did he ever live here -although he did fund it. The palace was built by Antonio Corazzi between 1820 and 1823 in the late Neo-Classical style, as the headquarters of the Royal Society of Friends of Science. Since World War II it has housed the Polish Academy of...

Exploring Torun

Torun survived World War II relatively unscathed, It has well-preserved city walls and a series of gates that once opened onto the quayside, Granaries dating from the 15th to the 19th centuries still line the streets leading down to the river, The Cathedral of Saints John the Baptist and John Evangelist and the richly ornamented Palace of the Bishops of Kujawy are two of Torun's finest buildings and the Copernicus Museum stands as a memorial to the city's most famous son, ul. Piekary 24. Tel...

Environs

In Swiny, 2 km (1M miles) north of Bolk w, are the haunting ruins of a castle. The upper part was built in the 14th century. The lower wing is a 17th-century late Baroque palace. The crenellated tower of Bolkow Castle The crenellated tower of Bolkow Castle ul. Piastow Si. Tel 074 666 33 15. 10am-6pm Tue-Sun (to 7pm Sat, Sun) (May-Sep also open Mon). Palm House Watbrzych-Lubiechowo, ul. Wroctawska 158. Apr 10am-5pm Tue-Sun May- Sep 10am-5pm daily Oct 10am- 4pm Tue-Sun Nov-Mar 10am-3pm Tue-Fri,...

Deposition from Chomranice

This Deposition of Christ (c.1450) is held to be the apogee of Polish Gothic art. 1454 Act incorpor- 1473 Birth of ating Prussia into the Nicolaus 1444 Wladyslaw of Varna dies at the Battle of Varna, fought against the Turks Figure of St John by Veit Stoss, from the altar in the Church of St Mary, Cracow Figure of St John by Veit Stoss, from the altar in the Church of St Mary, Cracow 1496 Piotrkowski Statute restricts the rights of commoners to acquire land 1496 Piotrkowski Statute restricts...

Zalipie

Road map E5. 710. 6 km 4 miles from the village. Zalipie has a unique folk art tradition cottages, barns, wells and fences are painted with colourful floral, animal, geometric and other motifs. Domestic interiors and furnishings are also decorated. The painters are predominantly the women of the village. Every year in June, a competition called the Painted Cottage is organized and exhibitions of paintings are held.

Neoclassicism

Neo-Classicism appeared in Poland after the rule of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, the country's last king. The Royal Palace and Lazienki Palace in Warsaw were built in the Neo-Classical style, as were many others including those at Lubostron and Smielow. Features included landscaped gardens in the English manner. The town hall in towicz is an example of smalltown public buildings in the Neo-Classical style of the early 19th century. Lubostron Palace see p221 is a fine example of Palladianism, a...

Biskupin

Iron Age Stockade Biskupin

H 052 302 50 55. summer 8am-6pm daily winter 8am-dusk daily. _ Archaeology Gala Sep . www.biskupin.pl The remains of a 2,500-year-old Iron Age fortified settlement can be seen on an island in Lake Biskupinskie. The settlement was built entirely of wood and was inhabited for about 150 years by people of the Lusatian culture. It was surrounded by a stockade and a wall of earth and wood 6 m 18 ft high. Access was over a bridge and through a gateway. The wall enclosed more than...

Thcentury Architecture

Many magnificent buildings in the late Mannerist and early Baroque styles were erected in the first half of the 17th century, during the reign of the Vasa dynasty. After the destruction wrought by the Swedish Deluge, there was no further artistic flowering until the reign of Jan III Sobieski. The early Baroque castles -for example, the Royal Palace in Warsaw seepp64-5 - as well as numerous churches, of which the most impressive are the Jesuit churches in Cracow, Warsaw and Poznan, are all...

Kalisz i

Garbarska 2 062 764 21 84 . _ Theatre Festival May International Jazz Festival Nov-Dec . citosir poczta.onet.pl www.kalisz.pl Kalisz, a settlement on the amber route between the Baltic Sea and Rome, has ancient origins. It is mentioned as Calisia by Ptolemy in his Geography of AD 142-7. However, a town did not grow up here until the 13th century, and it did not really develop until the 15th century, when Kalisz became a provincial capital. During the Partitions of...

Nieborow Q

The Baroque palace in Niebor w was built by Tylman van Gameren between 1690 and 1696 for Primate Michal S. Radziejowski, Archbishop of Gniezno. Radziejowski was a noted connoisseur of literature, music, art and architecture, and as such was a client worthy of Tylman. A symmetric garden was also laid out. Around 1766, at the wish of a later owner, Prince Michal K. Oginski, the building's fa ade was adorned with a Rococo figure portraying a dancing Bacchus, with a bunch of grapes and a garland on...

Gdynia

H 058 721 24 66. _ Days of the Sea Jun Festival of Polish Feature Films Oct . www.gdynia.pl Gdynia, until 1918 a small fishing village, is one of the most recently developed towns in Poland. When, after World War I, Poland regained independence but did not control the port of Gdansk, the authorities decided to build a major port at Gdynia. During World War II Gdynia and its shipyard were used by the German Kriegsmarine, and the town was renamed Gotenhafen by the Germans. A...

Streetby Street Dlugi Targ and Dluga

Elevation Green Gate Gdansk

Dlugi Targ and Ulica Dluga, its continuation, are the most attractive streets in Gdansk. Dlugi Targ leads westwards from the Green Gate on the River Motlawa to join Ulica Dluga, which runs as far as the Golden Gate. These two pedestrianized streets are lined with old town houses that were once the residences of the city's wealthiest citizens. Most of the Main City's principal buildings, including the town hall and Artus Court, are on Dlugi Targ. Together the streets formed an avenue that was...

Golub Dobrzyn

N 056 683 54 10. _ International Jousting Tournament Jun . www.golub-dobrzyn.pl This picturesque town was originally two separate settlements, one on either side of the River Drw ca. During the Partitions, Golub was part of Prussia and Dobrzyn part of Russia. Golub's main feature is the large castle built by the Teutonic Knights in 1293 1310. From 1466 Golub was part of Poland, and in the 17th century the castle became the residence of Queen Anna Vasa of Sweden, sister of Zygmunt III Vasa. The...

Mirow

The castle once belonged to the Myszkowski family. It is perched on a rocky ridge, turning the natural lie of the land to defensive advantage. Stopping-off points Many bars and restaurants are to be found along the trail. There is a restaurant and caf in Pieskowa Skala Castle. Today, jousting tournaments and outdoor games take place in the surroundings of the splendid ruins of the castle built by Ka2imierz the Great in the 14th century. In the 16th century the castle belonged to the Boner...

Collegium Maius

Tel 012 422 05 49. 103, 124, 179, 192, 424, 502. V 1, 7, 8, 18, 36, 38. 11am-2 20pm Mon-Fri, 11am-1 20pm Sat amp free on Sat . www.uj.edu.pl muzeum The Collegium Maius is the oldest surviving college of the Jagiellonian University, which grew from the Cracow Academy established by Kazimierz the Great in 1364. Queen Jadwiga, wife of Wladyslaw Jagiello, bequeathed her personal fortune to the Academy in 1399. In the second half of the 15th century the Collegium Maius acquired...

Exploring Poznan

Atanazy Raczy Ski

Poznan holds much of interest beyond the old town. The Bernadine church in Plac Bernardynski has a remarkably narrow twin-towered fa ade built in the 18th century by Jan Steyner. It is matched by the former Lutheran Church of the Holy Cross Koscio sw KrzyZa , dating from 1777-83. Walking towards the main railway station, you go through the town centre and across Plac Wolnosci, a square lined with shops and banks, then following Ulica sw Marcina, where the old Kaiser's palace is located. The...

Radzyn Podlaski P

Road map F4. 16,800. station 8 km 5 miles from the town. n ul. Jana Pawfa II2 083 352 1 5 35 . In its splendour, Potocki Palace rivals Branicki Palace in Bialystok, the Versailles of Podlasie see p290 . It was built for the ambitious Eustachy Potocki, who later became a general in the Lithuanian artillery. The palace was to be dazzling. It was reconstructed in 1750-58, in the Rococo style, by Giacopo Fontana and his talented team of artists. The painted decoration is by Jan Bogumil Plersch and...

Traditional Beverage

Karabela Dress Haiti

Mead was a favourite drink of the Polish aristocracy. It is made by fermenting wort, a solution of honey and water that has been flavoured with herbs. The most popular type of mead is trojniak, in which honey makes up one-third of the total wort. The rarest is poltorak, with two parts honey and one part water. Although mead is no longer widely drunk, it is still produced today. Wyloty - slit sleeves rolled back and over the shoulder Wyloty - slit sleeves rolled back and over the shoulder An...

Old Synagogue

V 3, 9, 13. Museum of Jewish History Tel 012 422 09 62. May-Oct 10am- 2pm Mon, 10am-5pm Tue-Sun Nov- Apr 10am-2pm Mon 9am-4pm Wed, Thu, Sat, Sun 11am-6pm Fri. Tue Nov-Apr . amp www.mhk.pl Gothic-Renaissance bema in the Old Synagogue Gothic-Renaissance bema in the Old Synagogue The old Synagogue was built by Matteo Gucci in the mid-16th century in the Renaissance style. It replaced an earlier Gothic synagogue that burned down in 1557. In the Hall of Prayer you will find...

Oliwa Cathedral

Oliwa, a district to the northwest of Gdansk, was once the base of wealthy Cistercians, who built a cathedral and monastery here. The present cathedral, built in the 14th century in the Gothic style, replaced the original 13th-century Romanesque church that was destroyed by fire in 1350. While the exterior has survived without major alteration, the interior has been redecorated in the Baroque style. Its famous organ can be heard in recitals. The monastery buildings are now occupied by branches...

The History Of Poland

Poland's borders have changed almost continuously with the course of history. The origins of the Polish nation go back to the 10th century, when Slav tribes living in the area of Gniezno united together under the Piast dynasty, which then ruled Poland until 1370. Mieszko I, the first historic prince of this line, converted to Christianity in 966, bringing his kingdom into Christian Europe. The Piast dynasty ruled Poland with variable fortune and embroiled the nation in domestic quarrels for 150...

Zamosc

Muzeum Arsenal Zamosc Poland

Zamosc is one of the best-preserved Renaissance towns in Europe. It was one of the first to be planned and built from scratch according to Italian concepts of the ideal town. The moving force behind this project Detail from building, Zamosc was Jan Zamoyski 1541-1605 , chancellor and commander-inchief of the Crown, one of the most powerful and enlightened magnates of Poland's Golden Age, and the owner of Zamosc. Bernardo Mornando was the architect and work began in 1581, continuing for more...

Lost Wawel Exhibition

V 8, 10, 18, 36, 38, 40. 9 30am-noon Mon 9 30am-4pm Tue, Fri 9 30am-3pm Wed, Thu 11am-5pm Sat 11am-3pm Sun. amp free on Mon . www.wawel.krakow.pl For anyone who is interested in archaeology, this exhibition is a real delight. The display charts the development of the Wawel over a considerable period of time, and includes a virtual image of the Wawel buildings as they existed in the early Middle Ages, archaeological finds from Wawel hill, and a partially reconstructed...

Church of St Anne

Anny 11, Tel 012 422 53 18. 103, 124, 179, 192, 424, 502. g 1, 7, 8, 18, 36, 38. during In the narrow Ulica sw. Anny, it is impossible to miss the imposing Baroque fa ade of the twin-towered Church of St Anne Kosciol sw Anny . The architect was Tylman van Gameren. In designing the fa ade, he took into account the fact that any view of it would be acutely foreshortened by virtue of the narrowness of the street. The church building was erected between 1689 and 1703, although work on the...

University of Warsaw O

E-1, E-2, E-3, 111, 116, 122, 174, 175, 180, 192, 195, 303, 403, 503, 518. The nucleus of the University of Warsaw Uniwersytet Warszawski grew from a summer palace known as the Villa Regia. In the first half of the 17th century, the palace belonged to the Vasa dynasty. From then on it underwent many phases of refurbishment, and in 1816 was chosen to house what was then the new university. After further alteration, the former palace acquired the late Neo-Classical...

Belvedere Palace O

116, 118, 119, 180, 195. weekends Jun-Aug. The history of Belvedere Palace Belweder goes back to the 17th century. Its present appearance, however, dates from 1818, when it was refashioned by Jakub Kubicki for the Russian governor general Prince Constantine the much hated brother of Tsar Alexander I and his Polish aristocrat wife. On the night of 29 November 1830, a detachment of cadet officers together with a number of students, attacked the palace, starting the November Insurrection. After...

Cathedral of St John o

Jan Zachwatowicz

The Cathedral of St John started life as a parish church at the beginning of the 15th century, only acquiring cathedral status in 1798. Over the years, successive rulers endowed it with new chapels and other elements. Important ceremonies have taken place here, including the coronation of Stanisiaw August Poniatowski in 1764 and the oath of allegiance to the Constitution of 3 May in 1791. Many famous Poles are buried in the cathedral, among them the Polish primate, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski....

The Old Town

The Old Town Square Rynek Starego Miasta is surrounded on all sides by town houses, rebuilt after World War II with great devotion. Today it is one of the most attractive places in Warsaw. From spring to autumn it is filled with caf tables, and also becomes an open-air gallery of contemporary art. On the square and in neighbouring streets, especially Piwna and Jezuicka, there are numerous restaurants and bars that are reputed to be the best in Warsaw. The whole of the Old Town is not only a...

Lodz

The centre of the Polish textile industry, LodZ developed at an astonishing rate as the industry thrived, Its population grew from just 15,000 in 1850 to more than half a million in 1914, It was a place of great contrasts, which were vividly documented in the novel The Promised Land 1899 by the Nobel Prize-winning author Wtadystaw Reymont, The contrasts can still be seen in the architecture of the city, where vast fortunes and abject poverty existed side by side, Factories and opulent mansions...

Central Maritime Museum d

Grain Warehouse

In the 17th century Poland strove to be master of the Baltic Sea and her seafarers were dedicated to maintaining Poland's maritime presence. The themes of the displays in the Maritime Museum are Gdansk's seafaring traditions and navigation on the Vistula. Exhibits include a reconstruction of scenes from a sailor's life aboard the Swedish ship Solen, sunk at the Battle of Oliwa in 1627 and raised from the seabed in the Gulf of Gdansk in 1970. This reconstruction of a merchant's office is in the...

Exploring Malopolska

Maiopolska, in the south of Poland, is the country's main tourist region. Apart from Cracow, the greatest attractions for visitors are the mountain ski resort of Zakopane, which is the winter sports capital, and the picturesque Tatra Mountains. In summer many hikers are drawn to the region, and its mountains are traversed by well-marked hiking trails. There are numerous welcoming hostels for those in need of overnight shelter. Parts of the Beskid Niski Mountains are almost without human...

Ciechanow

Road map E3. 47,000. n ul. ciegiennego 2. On the edge of the town stand the Gothic ruins of the red-brick Castle of the Mazovian princes, built around 1420-30. After Mazovia was incorporated into the Kingdom of Poland, the widowed Queen Bona often stayed here. Today, the castle accommodates one of the exhibitions of the Museum of the Mazovian Nobility Muzeum Szlachty Mazowieckiej . In the town itself is the Gothic Church of the Annunciation, founded in the first half of the 16th century and...

Wroclaw

Aula Ossolineum Concert Hall

The city of Wroclaw bears the stamp of several r cultures. it was founded by a Czech duke in the 10th century and a Polish bishopric was established here in 1000. Later it became the capital of the duchy of Silesian Piasts, and then came under Czech rule in 1335. in 1526, with the whole Czech state, it was incorporated into the Habsburg Empire, and in 1741 was transferred to Prussian rule. The fierce defence that German forces put up here in the last months of World War II left almost three...

Kazimierz Dolny

Road map F4. 2,300. n Rynek 27 081 881 00 46 . _ Festival of Folk Bands and Singers Jul Film Summer Aug . www.kazimierzdolny.pl This delightful little town, the favourite holiday resort of poets and painters, was probably founded by Kazimierz the Great. In the 16th and 17th centuries, it grew rich from the grain trade. The ruins of a Gothic castle with a high tower dominate the town. At its foot can be seen the Renaissance Parish Church of Saints John the Baptist and Bartholomew built in...

Nysa z

Bracka 4. nysa www. nysa.pl www.nysa.pl Nysa, founded in 1223, was once the capital of the dukes of Wroclaw and the see of the duchy of Nysa Niesse . In the 16th and 17th centuries it became the residence of the Catholic bishops of Wroclaw, who were driven there from Ostrow Tumski during the Reformation. After 1742 the Prussians enclosed the town with ramparts. Despite suffering massive destruction during World War II, Nysa retains a number of interesting buildings....

Gora Switej Anny c

Lesnica. www.swanna.pl Gora Swi tej Anny is a place of pilgrimage for Catholics and a centre of commemoration of the Silesian uprisings of 1919-21. The great Pilgrimage Church of St Anne was built here by the Gaschin-Gaszynski family in the second half of the 1600s. The Stations of the Cross that make up the 18th-century Calvary are placed around the church and monastery. The Calvary draws large numbers of pilgrims. During the Third Silesian Uprising in May and June 1921, two major...

Niepolomice

In the 14th century, the royal castle at Niepolomice was the hunting base of Kazimierz the Great. Between 1550 and 1571 it was converted into a Renaissance palace by Zygmunt August. The entrance gate, dating from 1552, was once decorated with a Jagiellonian eagle the plaque, with the Latin inscription May the King Win and Live, hints at its former splendour. The monarchs loved hunting in the game park nearby. In 1525 Zygmunt I brought in a wooden trunk a great bear from Lithuania. The bear hunt...

Zakopane z

Kosciuszki 17 018 201 22 11 . _ Autumn in the Tatras International Festival of Mountain Folklore endAug . www.zakopane.pl info um.zakopane.pl For over 100 years, the Polish people have regarded Zakopane as their country's winter capital, on a par with alpine resorts as an upmarket winter sports and leisure centre. Many tourists are also appreciative of Zakopane in the summer months. While some go hiking in the mountains, most are content to admire the scenery from the...

Baroque Architecture

High Gable

In the first half of the 17th century, architects of Italian descent started to introduce the early Baroque style to Poland. Nobles built imposing residences, chief among them Krzyztopor Castle in Ujazd seepp44-5 and p152 , in the Mannerist style, and the fortified early Baroque palace in Lancut see pp172-3 . Italian architects were also commissioned to design the Royal Palace in Warsaw, the country's new capital. The destruction wrought during the Polish-Swedish war was followed by a period of...

Bialystok i

Malmeda 6 085 732 68 31 . _ Bialystok Days around 20 Jun . www.bialystok.pl Biatystok is the largest town in northeast Poland, Its population is both Polish and Belarussian, something that can easily be read in the cityscape the domes of the Orthodox church rise up next to the towers of the Catholic church, and there are many Belarussian cultural institutions, Biatystok was once owned by the Branicki family indeed, the layout of the town is dominated by their former...

Ostrow Tumski and Piasek Island

Piasek Island Map

Ostrow Tumski was once an island in the River Odra, and it is here that the history of Wroclaw began. According to legend, the city was founded by Duke Vratislav of Bohemia. In the year 1000 a bishopric was established and the island grew into a centre of ducal power. After the city moved to the left bank of the Odra in 1292, the island remained the base of ecclesiastical authority. In the 19th century the northern arm of the Odra was filled in and Tumski ceased to be an island. Tumski Bridge...

Rytwiany O

The main attraction of Rytwiany is the early Baroque Camaldolite church that stands next to the monastery. It was built in 1624-5 by the T czyr ski family and is considered to be one of the finest examples of Camaldolite architecture in Europe. In accordance with the rules of the order, the entrance to the sanctuary leads through a narrow passageway, with the tiny houses of the monks lying behind the monastery walls. The clock in the church tower marked the times for different activities in the...

Thcentury Literature

Czestaw Mitosz

From 1900 onwards Young Poland Mloda Polska , a modern trend in Polish literature particularly Monument to Aleksander Fredro in Wroclaw associated with the artistic community of Cracow, began to emerge. A key role in this was played by Stanislaw Wyspianski 1869-1907 , author of the Symbolist play The Wedding Wesele , which was made into a film by Andrzej Wajda 70 years later. Also influential in Young Poland was a Bohemian group surrounding Stanislaw Przybyszewski, a friend of Henrik Ibsen and...

Spichlerze Island

106, 111, 112, 120, 138, 166, 178, 186. V 8, 13. Once joined to the mainland, Spichlerze Island was created when the New Motlawa Canal was dug in 1576. A centre of trade developed here at the end of the 13th century. What was then a relatively small number of granaries had grown to more than 300 by the 16th century. Each granary had a name and each fa ade was decorated with an individual emblem. The purpose of digging the canal, and thus of surrounding the district with water, was not only to...

Decjusz Villa

Tel 012 425 33 90. 102, 134, 152, 192. For details of the cultural programme, visit the website www.villa.org.pl In the charming residential district of Wola Justowska stands the Decjusz Villa, a manor house whose origins go back to the late Middle Ages. It was rebuilt around 1530 in the Renaissance style for Justus Ludwik Decjusz, and acquired its present shape around 1620, when it was extended for Stanislaw Lubomirski, Palatine of Cracow. It was then remodelled in...

Church of St Mary

The Church of St Mary Koscioi Mariacki is the largest medieval brick-built church in Europe. Building work began in 1343 and took 150 years to complete. The final stage of construction, involving the 100-m 325-ft long nave, was carried out by Henryk Hetzel. From 1529 to 1945, when it was destroyed, St Mary's was a Protestant church. Like so many other parts of Gdansk, it was rebuilt after World War ii. The interior contains furnishings . in the Gothic, Mannerist and Baroque styles. Look out for...

Church of St Anne O

E-1, E-3, 116, 122, 125, 160, 170, 174, 175, 180, 190, 192, 195, 303, 307, 503, 518. V 13, 23, 26, 32. This Gothic church was built for the Bernardine order by Anna, widow of the Mazovian prince Boleslaw III, in the second half of the 15th century. It was extended between 1518 and 1533. Destroyed during the Swedish invasion in 1655-60, it was rebuilt in a Baroque style to a design by Jozef Szymon Bellotti. The Gothic chancel and the external walls were retained. The...

Kolobrzeg

Dworcowa 1 _ Kolobrzeg Summer Music Festival. www.kolobrzeg.turystyka.pl The fine sandy beaches of Kolobrzeg make it one of the most popular health resorts on the Baltic coast. it has a full complement of hotels, sanatoria, holiday homes and fried-fish stalls, but it is also a working fishing port. in the past it was a fortified coastal town of strategic significance. in summer the long promenade, The sturdy brick-built lighthouse in Kotobrzeg harbour The sturdy...

Polands Golden

Opatow Szydlowiecki

In the 16th century the Republic of Two Nations Rzeczpospolita formed by Poland and Lithuania was one of the largest European powers. In the western territories of the Polish Crown there was peace, relative prosperity and - rare elsewhere - religious tolerance. Under the Jagiellonians, and later under the first elective kings, art, education and the economy flourished. In the political sphere there was a significant movement to improve the Republic and institute reforms. The so-called real...

Opatw

The collegiate church of St Martin Kolegiata sw. Marcina , built in the first half of the 12th century, is among the best-preserved of the major Romanesque churches in Poland. The massive fa ade has two quadrilateral towers and representations of dragons and plants on its borders. The interior contains interesting furnishings and tombs, the most eminent being the tomb with the bronze effigy of Krzysztof Szydlowiecki, the Collegiate Church of St Martin in Opat w Collegiate Church of St Martin in...

MAtOPOLSKA

The tragedy of the Polish Jews can be witnessed at Oswifcim Auschwitz see pl60 where an estimated 1.1 million people died at the hands of the Nazis. This is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The old underground salt mine at Wieliczka seepl62 features a chapel, museum and a restaurant. A favourite retreat for many artists and intellectuals at the turn of the 20th century, Poland's winter capital Zakopane see pl64 attracts thousands of skiers every winter. The ski resort at Zakopane, upgraded for...

Pauline Church on the Rock j

Tel 012 421 72 44 or 423 09 48. 100, 103, 112, 114, 124, 128, 144, 162, 164, 169, 173, 179, 184, 197, 424. V 18, 19, 22. 8am-4pm Mon-Sat. Crypt of Honour by appointment only. amp The impressive Baroque Pauline Church on the Rock Kosciol Paulinow na Skalce , with its adjoining monastery complex, was built in 1733-42 by Gerhard M ntzer in collaboration with Antoni Solari. The present church was preceded by two earlier buildings. It was at the foot of the altar of the Romanesque...

Bieszczady Mountains Tour

The Bieszczady mountains, together with the neighbouring Beskid Niski, are the wildest in Poland. Tourists return with blood-curdling tales of encounters with bears and wolves, or the discovery of a skeleton in the forest undergrowth. Needless to say, these stories are often exaggerated. Before World War II, the region was densely populated by Ukrainians and ethnic groups known as the Boyks and the Lemks. After the war, because of fighting and resettlements, it became deserted, and farming...

Czerwinsk on the Vistula G

The church and monastery in Czerwinsk on the Vistula, formerly owned by the Canons Regular and now by the Salesian order, are among the oldest buildings in Mazovia. The monastery was in existence by 1155 and the Romanesque basilica was probably built in the time of Bishop Aleksander of Plock in the mid-12th century. In spite of later Gothic and modern alterations, the main body of the building largely retains its original appearance. The basilica's nave and aisles each end in an apse -a...

The Traditional Nobility

The tradition of the Polish nobility was dominated by the idea of Sarmatism, which was based on the myth that the Polish aristocracy were descended from a warrior people called the Sarmatians. Sarmatism was influential in shaping the ideology of the ruling class, as well as its customs and lifestyle. A Sarmatian embraced the old order, was patriotic and Catholic, and at the same time valued freedom and privilege, lived life as a landowner and upheld family traditions. Sarmatism played an...

Koszuty O

In an enchanting 18th-century country house, set in a landscaped garden, the interior of a Wielkopolska landowner's mansion has been reconstructed and is now the Sroda Land Museum. Tel 061 285 10 23. 9am-3pm Tue-Fri, 10am-2pm Sat. The town of Sroda Wielkopolska, which is situated just 6 km 4 miles east of Koszuty, has an interesting Gothic collegiate church dating from the 15th-16th centuries. Country house in Koszuty dating from the 18th century Country house in Koszuty dating from the 18th...

Czoch Castle

Tel 075 721 15 53. www.zamekczocha.pl Czoch Castle Zamek Czocha is one of Silesia's major tourist attractions. Standing in a picturesque location on the banks of Lake Lesnianskie, it can be seen for miles around. The castle dates from the 14th century, and because it was destroyed and rebuilt several times over many centuries, incorporates a range of architectural styles. It was most recently renovated in the early part of the 20th century, when the Gutschoff family of...