Practical Guide

Information for the Visitor

Where to Stay 236 What and Where to Eat 244 What and Where to Buy

Entertainment in Esfahan

Phrase Book 252

Index 254

Bibliography and Acknowledgements 264

Iranian Tile Work
Fragment of polychrome tile-work of Aqa Bozorg Mosque and Madreseh in Kashan

Plaster carvings inside the Congregational Mosque of Ardestan

Boxed Texts

Jalali Calendar 25 Fourteen Infallible People According to Siiiith Beliefs 36 Official Holidays Commemorating the Religious Events 38

Muslim Calendar 38 Iranian Armenian Churches 42 Official Iranian Calendar and Secular Holidays 49 Esfahan's Architectural Buildings According to Their

Construction 54-55

Avicenna 56 Nezam al-Molk 57 r Sheikh Bahai 59 Chahar Bagh Avenue 62 Reza Abbasi 64 Mir Emad and Alireza Abbasi 65 Iranian Carpets 67 Burials of Foreigners in Esfahan 73 Sialk Mounds 165 Kashan's Fortifications 166

Amir Kabir 168 Handicrafts Workshop 171 Kamal al-Molk 173 Sohrab Sepehri 173

How to Use

This guide has been compiled to help the visitors to get the most from their stay in the Esfahan province. It provides both expert recommendations and detailed practical advice.

The book has been divided into four parts. The first part introduces Iran and provides the reader with some essential facts about the country. The second part deals with Esfahan, the main city of the province and the most popular destination with Western tourists in Iran. In this section, the general information about

Introductory Chapters

This Guide

Esfahan, as well as the city's most important sites are discussed. This part also embraces the sites in the immediate vicinity of the city. The third part of the book is dedicated to some of the most important towns of the province, among them Kashan, which is explored in great detail. The forth part holds some practical informaton that may be useful to the visitors, particular to those who travel to Iran for the first time. Carefully researched suggestions for hotels and restaurants are also found here.

Iran Travel Guide

Introductory chapters include sections on Iran's history and arts, Iranian religions, Persian language and literature, and Iranian holidays. The sections on Esfahan and Kashan are opened with the introductory chapters on the cities' history and arts. The introductory chapters of Esfahan also include the information about nature and the most famous travelers to the city from the 13th to the early 20th cen turies. Additionally, the historical buildings of the city are classified according to the time of their construction.



IftlMSil KnTv^i r.ol V

(M (<%•<«) wti u» 1M Htffta fcoM&yt» tiu gJT CtemvihKM «<w

inthr Crjcta* ht renia*eel tvençed hrs detthbv ccrvmunngAstrb«itn end txn (ht whdt at h«\ In 1^0». Irm) witprociioeiedShih cflm H«b«<«« tht found* d ont cf tht no* taBUft niaigdymifcti inlmenhrtc*y- fr.eStfividt Tht 3ifo* dreheed Shalt Idm Ibt *âU rch#on«uJ uetdpw*»ylctfv*md foret lo convert Ihr lugt mejon* ty ©fMu4m i inïrvi to tht Shite *tl Thtir m«n rxUmâl menue f ftti the Uzbek* endÜ» Ottoman* Tht Uzbtktwtrt tnun*tbU eWttwrt lionçlren'j noefttiÄrmfrorktt iitdrçKhcritinindttoekingtht 3 if rod êâvmc* nœthwerd »rto Travccira 1ht Ouocfttn* whoweit Sumte* *rne tmU foc (ht rd>-fout elieghince c/Mudiaim eirtcmAnjiobi end Iuq endpc ctsed tenitond deumiin bc4hthc*e «et* iMin fctC«.««»

«nd tht OttoctmTvifcry li*ed throu Acut t* m» of tht Sefonel*

T*hnvi*U ttt tldt* ton «\d *xct**or <f Sheh Imél htdnont offcf fithtr'i q>p#il or pertontâ contgt Fer elcngpenodaftti coBtinf lo t» Utoc*. he wu t p*wn ofp<wrc«ft4biUIK«*deff Heitreiacnbttcdfof tht ttJttMMê*


Iranien Armenian Churches

The fruntvil Am trren dwrchet m {ten tret bult iUrtr^ m *.e cifiuirt AD Thty wtit on t as* fie bitUci hyçttXyU b tab-et pUn In gerate il btftbc* church included i la>g htl wt»eh ¿reichtet fror* HU to vrr3 Tht trùince lo ♦vt eh**ch m on tht we Hera a dt. tnd tn du.t wnhfl«ikK\C6abn<*wt*2oc**d on tu testera ade Or%dJti)£ tMte m fir chuchrt vert tx tended on four «des by idd Q( c cvV s né leriif « ilûngtMr <*JUt u-tlU Tht hyï&styU rfnidiàfftffdfta» pUcnptdtct» -- «»t cri y bjrtm

Additional timeline reflects the history of the Safavid dynasty, which was the most important ruling house in the history of the Esfahan region.

Iranian history is presented both as a text and as a timeline. Orange entries in the timeline refer to the most famous events in the world's history.

(ht Mian /ja tri in vchlta* Oitrtd toevt tit-

"^Ûutt ciotrt^ Ô» <h«hw nfc « d AnrtiYi «tilt the pocvfd d». Al fir* tos d»t rt4-

M«!« jgft ont in t don four vftyjCiffdy per sin tht

dtbtmg e entry, tht jitrs htvt been rt»o*.d ril^m^ Um 011 mdt» tru Ujtdcntht tvp-

Ofttr\ eiouttw« c/tht hiS ind removed thf obsudej fron the mulcts' sxws

U^ÄÄi^ Ä^Si? ^viûon ht>r beertedoci cro«pkiti

/ntu/^M wiiilto Ho^f\TrJ®-.efemfjthey ii*3h%dt obviout Kp«t pclrÄfien rnd were tc^>ed ftocej the oitadt, when tht raidit tee- with rounJcupoUi

Exploring Esfahan

INTRODUCTION Esfahan . "Half ofthr World

Every part of the book has color-coded thumb tab: I - Introducing Iran WM- Introducing Esfahan ■i- Esfahan's Environs ■I- Other Cities of the Province

Acquaintance with Esfahan starts with a short introduction and the list of the city's top ten sights. These can usually be visited during the 48-hour stay - the period that an average tourist spends in the city. After the introductory chapters, the most important sites of Esfahan are classified accoding to their subject and discussed individually. Roughly the same order is followed in the description of Kashan.

tht 7mcentry Modem m taont by Roil) tnC ithohe ra onkt btgtn in Ii tn in the tt^cerimy They pre*htdma«riy imong (ht Ane tc*ant in Esfthm end Tehnj. For i tane> they wert (fit* ctpstd. but rflerwardi the aicce* ot thnr wock didtntd An etffoit am org the tiM »»«icrwHt

owineto bftrrt In#t eoirirv HtnryMirtj'n waj i ft ont ti« tht 19th ctrtJry ind left tht PetriinNpacn of tht New Tt*«ntrl it fctlt£«jr ThfwufdbwcdbyDf Olm't\liaon of tht Old

TestvuJl _



t «ri rum bee ofRooim

Prouiirt Irinanfi The

Armfitra «e preck»mint- |. i lyumnind «t ocr\ctrirelrd II

inTéven ind Erfihan Tht

Ann* nuns end tht M

A5<pen$iee lecognaed ^y^

mJcnti« under tht

I9p ConAituUon •

tlAto elect

Uiir cMT\rep- cwdfti^ DM^WtiiV

Elf ah «n's Top Tib Sights

Introductory chapters are often interrupted by boxed texts and special sections dealing with the notable people and events, as well as containing some useful additional information of the period.

Every introductory chapter has a name and a short reference to the history and character of the area.


Kashan Iran Local Map

All the important sites are introduced in separate entries, and practical information on them is provided where necessary. Several ways have been foreseen to help the tourists find the site they need. If you know the exact name of the site, you can find it in the contents or in the index, and then specify its location on the city map. If you know the category, you can find it in the contents and then choose its most conspicious site. At last, if you want to explore your whereabouts, you can check the map and then find the information on the specific site in the book. The sites are listed in order, following their numbering on the map.


THINn ri any irterest inçplaces înEVahan, btf as % nie tourifts find il dffiolt to spend verv muehume on these One rtttoi i s (h* the tour of the pealev monta «ri* I Ac* 4$ Wxts and few tourist* cm slaw loogii fan ths in Esfahan, arv other is thai mo* d thri« dder bmldnp 4ii rafar inacct tmHy mUtêi in the lebyrisihina Imi of the cid Uwn £ sfahancorlains abou twohuvfced ao*f*s ll itwcvthrhle lo vtfit mort than ont met fay dffw cctmdmMy Ncta thtf tht mosques hav* (muted open imo and rfwiSd bt w sited darm* the femes that fay art cpan for praytr


Un Mi tocommands Thu«» MaqaidBeikcame tobuddthe moscf* that still beats h s name Inâde fa mosque is a domed ¿anctuary with a mAntb bearing an irvcrip* bcnbyA*i*raAbb*ri» the fern oui calhgrapb« (p?^, end « smell chamber corf auingfa toenboi hit calligraphic rival and sween enemy Mir Fnti (p??) A\ (he tint of lU conduction tht moscf* was ere ong the m OH be«jLtiû andhig)\Jy admiredinthe city Sadj; it now has little U> <*ftr '

Ali Mosque mU

Sctuated do* to the north* t*an corner cf rhm* t JaJunS««lie was bult in 1603 Its foundet tht Royal Steward to Shtfi Abba* was t very wealthy nan It was Shah Abbas's habit tonal the n<h end to suggaet Owl they ere da Uniting«» at thru çwr. ex-pente. to cocinbu* to the beauty andpreetip of the coital Such SJ^çe A<mu. needless to «y. were tarv

4iR M if ft

Hit Ali Mosqut tt easily found becau* </its mi iuxtt(p?3-fa note coropci out of E tfah an'i landnarks Tht bu was ongndly aSdjulc construction Hotiw, ty Srfand'fifetrthtd already been ruined and renamed m this **t vxid faragtcfShahlamari Tht pcrtal scripbon m golden Jtoffc letter s xndcrU* that it was rebu Ji in 1522 by Shah Iffftii who sparadno dfort m coRfhbnçfa re Aor on

A popular story dim* fatSdUnSarjarSd/uk. wtikhur*n* acodrrtd hlled abttlr boy caled ^nh» cent lo express h s remorse to the toy's pverXs» thry asfced lin lo reccati-oen« then for ther ton's mvx derby buldr^a »oofjt on the bey's grave The tfMUhrrv fcatycf fas UgKidi^ howavtt MJy daloiedby ihe fact that during the Seljui peno4

MMfW. llm«N «4 »MffaéNmâ.Ail HfiifO^tulMMhiltt 9«Ui> to iinto «rtttarttrt tht noocfit was ntmtd iAerSaniarhisntelf.ll wasbultbyMahmudSel. I tic, SUtanSaqar's mphtw and sorvin-law. who gpvtms d mEjfahan fc* fourteen ytart. When 3hah]on«tSrfavidrt. bult the wot«iiie. he, the «tiererl ci the Shit* brinch of lalasv f«n«ned it eAer (he first Shite Imam* Ali. Tht a/chtecluraltech rsques of the n cwqae «vi iti Ajperb cmamoiotion flact it anon^Esfahen's Ml inpevtentrdi^ous Inrttfi Thenotqueit cnttred through t w<*t*m ctctI. which opens crto an crdotycoui The bnck done c/ tht ■ry, loc^td behndtht ■Bpoang «xAem tnr«n tt de<oraJed on the inside wtihpeetty pairlings and piv-'M totems An iricrcsftn^ detail rfthe buUn^s architKUrrf laycats thM itt wiriei peayn haQ if loctUdlow.

The sites in the book are numbered and plotted on the city maps at the end of the relevant chapters:

O refers to the sites of


O refers to the sites of Kashan O refers to the hotels of the Esfahan region 0 refers to the restaurants For sites outside Esfahan and Kashan, geographic coordinates have been given instead of the number on the map. The key to the symbols used is on the back flap.

The sites are grouped according to the subject in Esfahan and according to their importance in other cities.

er than the stnduary and it re ached by a defctnd-ingfli^* cf Jtura

Jtrchi Mosque

The Jeidi Mosque belongs to (he rei&i cf Shah Abbai I and was con-Aurttd by Jtrch Barf* (tht Chief Royal Hwalcf) in 1610. In the time of Shah Abba* it vas com-racn for Ihe nchto ipend


money on reii^ous tuld-ingt (T^r.cUv: Sh&h Abb ai 1« no other Safawi shah bult a not<yjet and aB the laUt aotqjuts rat constructed by art ¿toy people Found in the Gnat Bax**r(j**0Hp cnp???). AttnoKpe CCMtf• c€ a m^e prr.-e hall Itadecaafcortt irv cWt Ant psiimgs at»d tile mosaic t

The construction of the Aqa Mur Mo srfje was be-^in under Shah Abbas I and ooenp4eted ckmngthe Am yeat of his succès

Minaret Shah Abbas Mosqu Royale

Or». »1 tr i d 4«M <«> «UtN «M 4mh a ît^ Mwfw tor si«p\ Thil is why thermes of both rulers are mcfiiontd in the hit tone el tnscnption cf tht motfpie's imposing portal Tht building watcott nruaedby

Hur c-i D in ?/cham m ad E*ahaninl*29 Itfe* lures a handtcent bel-vtdere and^acWVii area de t The peayee hall. ihcug\ a receri adducn is araon^ the noeftbeaUi-fuiinEsfahan It it lit (hrcMjh marble slabs in the ceibrg AoaMur is the only rtojque in E/ahanwhae «romane Alors are remind to ™.C**far Muffin

Or». »1 tr i d 4«M <«> «UtN «M 4mh a ît^ Mwfw

ccenjJa cf palacetin Bthshehr In^Umecf ShahSafi, SsuUtf wat drawled at a pmme minster and ccrtsottdto oocypy ths ooaticn dur-ir^thf chsl<xccdyears cf ShihAbUtn In 1645. Ukesioeicrtht !r«raen|»mtminit Uin td w*s laitarWrH Four day» erte^ ** pklktivifi tit-

cutedbytht U ades cf Shah Abbas C.^ho

Sarutaqi JJpii^fAé mutlhrrtfdt MoT^ue Mt^fcpn^a ressorte for

Tht mosque vuty Ihe pnat r.mutrr cf ShahSaS andShihAbUt II in \M SarUaqi had a rermaitabCe bfe He begin

Pnat Fas Com

ft* Iwif^N

'm tà+0*tSe <màL*é*v v«y h s career at anactna.*y soldier iniw Une c/M» hiiTjr ad Khodabandrh Btcautt <£h$ olrtand m^abikiai he war aiv parted a çjvmior orMa zander en m the Une cf Shah Abbas I It it ht «ho is lerporaUe for tht cor* struct on d tht famous •tone.pebWed road cc Ma-zandera roadfiom FirxcWsAhto Arnd, and a rtagpAeenl lots cf his celetraUdsairv

TheSaaia<f rr.owjeis espeodly noted fer its unique done, which tas 4 tacx o tenor and a parted riirwi

Dchi Masque

The found« cf this are ail andraftra urpxetenbous mos«|je it Saheb S\ltan Beygxn. dau^ter cf Sheh Solom m Stf av\<fs court« Al her order, (h» moscue wat constructed ml6SJbyMoh»*od Ah ttaOftad (Master) Ali Beîk. The Ualdûgisp*-^ciarly notablt for bteu-fcfti in$cnp6ortf in the oven, arcund tht loAy mxhûb, and on the un-presâve rrtrnet perlai • all in the ferra of Ut decor al en

od During theBupd rule, the nvosrjue corv • rttdcf aioond«

large cout*

yerdThe crttre erta lifctiiMfc—-M?2-<Mtri

OmkûH-*m(pM<). TitMXMTM ÎW7X73' GatM^i JNWM O/^.N JMiar i

Exploring Esfahan's Environs and Province

Esfahan's environs and the Esfahan province have their own introductions, outlining what the cities and suburbs have to offer the sightseer.


od During theBupd rule, the nvosrjue corv • rttdcf aioond«

large cout*

yerdThe crttre erta nevd Arib <U*gx The rKOrdc/tf, hwiMr, appeart enlyin 1030 and mmfcens the Arebs of the Tirantnbe as iU fou\devt The prime val mo sepje «rttQeadymodiAed u>3* tht Bwvi dynasty in90Î-W2. (he ddest sec* fcens cf the present mosque dtfe from thit peri-

was erv dosed by a mudbidc xrdl Tht prayer haB on tht ipblo side was the lirgest and had a deep recess al the edranct • a fedite th9t was replèctd by an in Uui ptn-odt Each prayer hal corv aittd cf a spacious art a Axmounttdby a v«ittd ceilinsthat was Aipportod by wood« and bnck pilars The construct cn cf ftvt Buytd mosffie wat suDervaxd by the famous Buyid mnilrv. Saheb i\mi Ebad

Thst celebrated per ten

SntmoAofhtltft in ahar\ working vigor-omiy cn the beautfKdion eft» city After hi dntfx. he watj *

in the dstrkti andaAer torn iny years, locals rtiU treat his grave with partie-Uu erUem

ChnngtM Buyidperiod lloiw was adorned by akbiaiy aAfkand a car ay «serai Tht Sun Sehifc nier s Either erp irAd Jh» mos<|ut vnthe II01 and cental et. At »P'l wat edargfd and two domed tanctuanes wert bult al the scuftem and northern end* Hwiwc all t» earlier Selp4c structure «nth the exception eft» toutfwmHfsam al-Mdk Do«it and ihe northern T^ 4MiUc Dome, were burt down in lUfMUi etiïy I2™<

that ftma^ the pray« halls dj\Jk bngr rrbuh the motcfue, taure beared on a fcu^rvji pi« Tht domed tarttfcury andttveral paytrhaJtt hivt sur.

The major sites are given two or more full pages. Their most interesting areas are numbered and lotted on the floorplan or iree-dimensional view of the site.


EsfahaA oc«apa s a chore na§. Its se« markable ponton alvor! at tht vtry ctiv lexof Itirv :r»peraftt cloaatt. fa tit sod. and adr^tate w^irrsvpph/ from tht £»• yandeX KU (/p/M./M) nvadt jf a bfl-cal aiea fci seitkmtM ihn tU ivixa bene s Both be îwtea à? aaooftltui and tke desert, it was ako a rolml f4aoa forcasavms pepena^ bexoM tit dry fiitrau tat ex tikis as ¿ar as (St ranges ia tW tetù of tht coobIiv Numeio«* Kastonral aid oiibaral art-(Vets, wtahwere cavedby^isvanety ofnatural conditions, ptopk m\|nC0M. and inihiefice ofo(he:si*t, b&n remained s<atlerid o fc* txv-virer* of EifaKia Time nimBot^, U« to'jrotr nay war.1 to ti (t tbrtakfrs» ^ntisy a ty and he ad foi thes« toletWssbtt kTvtlysTçbài. particobtly if tKty wajit t>

jet a more dataakd pctw of local aithi-tKlurt andoatoe*s AUoflb^st mtonst-

placet canbt visited duijç several (rips. W«h a good nap (if dia car) or an txctnence d drive rand a guide, it 0 a good xk* lo chrck on ikose Esfthan iltrarbo&s tK&l aie wver packaged on organized tons aad sttdora vva%d bv c/erage tourist*. Hie sights ixvdude the taeiR}yStl)ak Unt^eof »Kt region, among them severe) muants and mom»* Apart from Ai* avilit to the Fire Terapie willbnr< die vwtor at fu back as Saturn* times Tht Jtwisk cemetery, SutI shnr«s. pigeon towers, and some of 0» most beatfrftl mo*?** and minants ara ûaelidfdialhe ituier-ahes bstidber« TKe only cncanton do not trcvel alont as most ot the as ttgkb lit in ntUr poor ox dirtkt pUces

Map of Esfahan Environs



Partio jHfcngin Ihe Fnday ser monts obkgdory fee Suvite Musàmt andrec-ccnmmdedfor State Mudims That ts why e\*eyMudim townmu* have aCon^egaàonaL or Fnd^, Moscfit Moreover. the Cor^egahonal Mosque it UMaUytht mort spleoi&d rdigvous bjiJ<knfinary dty Irw i an townt ax t rv> ex ctp. tton

The Coe^ega^onal Mosque « Esfahan ts hi^ toric ally the mott tmpcr-tart and ardatectivafly the most rienarkablt structue of this city At though not at dfractrve t fiirt ¿knee as tha Ml Safavid monumerlt in Nn*-*Ja)M«S|«»i» (pp7?*?T)> ^tCongregv ticeval Mosque it much most aUhenbc and hat the tmly Iran an charades ftraquresakr^ty wnt, but ths visrtw)U pro-tide the tourist wtody wito state, the Ceng* ptonal Mosque is tvt corv ^omaiahon cf run er out dstirvct structuet datnfffrom

Moreom. ri itlikdythat tvt first mot^M on t)as «W wat tudt at t arly as the 3e" ctriuy, arvi even (hit was created on top of a Sasarà an Are tem -pie Artifacts ft cm tht S at am an period thai hr/e bean excavated in (he motcfie, and the fact fa! tve pnsnevalmotque was feat! in the wronf dree-a on and was redtgntd toward Mecca oriy much later, bear Mher evtdmct cf fa bold ■v^sartaqu-

Ovardl tasmos^pa. wtnch was dvna^d, re* bult, and all t*A destroy ed on several occaacns is a museum of the elevan-hmdrtd-year evcCunonof Idasvuc archtadixe The first mosque on tht ate ddes back to (he S®» century It wu bated on a the aesthetK deb^i at me. ir^its art stic id rev!est but also witfian insist trto the eriire hstcayof an tram«i motque In it iff ere ri

Stntkwtrt tf ErfiKu

i tranr



SaiiWul of EtUXu

Naqsh Jahan Square

General view of Persepolis (photo by Naser Mizbani)


Persepolis Achaemenid

Iran - The Country Worth Discovering

Iran is widely renowned for the rich diversity of its landscapes, climates, monuments, customs, and people's lifestyles. If it had no other claim to respect, at least a continuous history of at least 7,000 years is a distinction that few countries can exhibit. Iran is an incredible place to visit. The lure of steep mountains, beautiful coastlines, and endless, rolling deserts is strong. About a million historical sites exist in Iran, according to the statistics of the Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (the ICHTO). It is obvious that even the most interesting of them can be visited only after numerous trips to this country. These trips are all the more pleasant because visitors to Iran never leave it without cherishing memories of its wonderfully hospitable people. Every Iranian city has some special features that distinguish it from other towns, and in every corner of this spacious land there is something to marvel at and to enjoy. In addition, a relatively small number of tourists to Iran gives the visitor a chance to wander around the world-famous sites, getting an almost private view of them. So if you want to get a first-hand experience of this fascinating and welcoming country, visit Iran, and do it now.

Iran's Top Ten Sites

Mausoleum of Imam Reza in Mashhad, the most important pilgrimage site for Iranian Shiites

Rural Settlements

Masuleh Village in Gilan, one of the most beautiful rural settlements in Iran (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Sultaniyeh Dome near Zanjan, featuring the world's largest brick dome (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Chogha-Zanbil in Khuzestan, the most important Elamite legacy in Iran (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Nature Khuzestan

Takht-e Soleiman in West Azerbaijan, the unique complex of nature and histoiy (photo by Naser


Museums of Tehran, with some of the world's finest collections of artifacts (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Iran Zanjan Village

Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Esfahan (pp76-77), the world's second largest historical square

Mausoleum of Imam Reza in Mashhad, the most important pilgrimage site for Iranian Shiites

Masuleh Village in Gilan, one of the most beautiful rural settlements in Iran (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Chogha-Zanbil in Khuzestan, the most important Elamite legacy in Iran (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Esfahan (pp76-77), the world's second largest historical square

Sultaniyeh Dome near Zanjan, featuring the world's largest brick dome (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Takht-e Soleiman in West Azerbaijan, the unique complex of nature and histoiy (photo by Naser


Museums of Tehran, with some of the world's finest collections of artifacts (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Gate of Nations in Persepolis (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Persepolis Shiraz

Persepolis near Shiraz, ruins of the magnificent Achaemenid capital (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Persepolis near Shiraz, ruins of the magnificent Achaemenid capital (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Church Azerbaijan
St. Thaddeus's Church in West Azerbaijan, Iranian first Christian church (photo by Naser Mizbani)

Citadel of Bam near Kerman, the imposing mud-brick town, today under restoration after the earthquake of December 2003

Citadel of Bam near Kerman, the imposing mud-brick town, today under restoration after the earthquake of December 2003

Oman Mud Bricks


Iran Esfahan


Saudi Arabia

Restoration Persepolis




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