Median Empire BC

The Median Empire started with Deioces's rule. He organized his realm into several provinces and created a strong army to stop the Assyrians. The military genius of his son and successor, Phraortes, helped the Medes defeat the Assyrians. After Phraortes, there was a short period of Scythian domination over the Medes until they were overthrown by Cyaxares, who induced Scythian kings to get so drunk that they were then easily slain. Cyaxares, the greatest king of the Medes, reorganized the army and utterly defeated the Assyrians. At his death, the Medes controlled vast territories, stretching from Anatolia in modern Turkey to the area of Tehran as well as all of southwestern Iran. The last king of the Medes, Astyages, was perhaps the first unjust ruler of the country. Moreover, the sim- A sold Mede rhyton is one of the v ■ .-n r- rarest artifacts oj the Mede period pnstic lire style or tne (today in the Reza Abhasi Museum

Aryans that provided the in Tehran).

Medes with their amazing conquests, was replaced with an extravagant Mesopotamian court life. The Median Empire started to decline. The Persian Achaemenid dynasty, tracing their origin from Khahamanish (Achaemenes, in Greek), were gaining power.

Median Empire Map

Map of the Median Empire

Median EmpireMedian Empire ImagesMedian EmpireMedes And Persian Empire Map

Cyrus's Mausoleum in Pasargadae is an early example of Achaemenid monumental art (photo by Naser Mizbani).

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