Arsanjani To Jamai

The last of the great historic religions, Islam (literally means "submission to God", Arabic: Allah) regulates the entire life of the Muslims. Muslims ("those who have surrendered to the faith") believe in God, who is viewed as the sole creator, sustainer, and restorer of the world. The will of God, to which man must submit, is made known through the sacred scriptures, the Koran, which God revealed to his messenger, Mohammad, and in which there is no word other than of Divine origin. In Islam, Mohammad is believed to be the last of a series of prophets (including Adam, Noah, Jesus, and others). Muslims claim that he has brought the final revelation of God's truth to mankind. To become a Muslim, one has to pronounce sha-hada (the profession of faith): "There is no god but God; and Mohammad is the prophet of God". Muslims are enjoined to

God Muslim Photos
A richly-illuminated manuscript of the Koran, the Holy Book of Islam, is copied in beautiful Naskh script by Mohammad Shafi Arsanjani in Esfahan in 1808.

namaz, five daily prayers. The first prayer is performed before sunrise, the second just after noon, the third in the late afternoon, the fourth immediately after sunset, and the fifth before retiring to bed. Muslims'

Ali Miniature

A 16th-century miniature from Ahsan al-Kibar ("The Lives of the Holy Prophet and the Immaculate Imams") shows the assembly at the Khom Pond where, according to Shiite beliefs, Prophet Mohammad designated Imam Ali as his successor.

A 16th-century miniature from Ahsan al-Kibar ("The Lives of the Holy Prophet and the Immaculate Imams") shows the assembly at the Khom Pond where, according to Shiite beliefs, Prophet Mohammad designated Imam Ali as his successor.

other duties include zakat (giving alms to the poor) and ruzeh (fasting during the month of Ramazan). Once in their lifetime, provided one can afford it, Muslims should make hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca in Saudi Arabia, the site of the Kaaba, a sacred monument built by Abraham, and also the birthplace of the Prophet.

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