Fourteen Infallible People According to Shiite Beliefs

Mohammad, the Islamic Prophet Fatemeh, Mohammad's daughter, the holy lady of Islam Ali ibn Abi Talib, the first Shiite Imam, the fourth Muslim caliph, Mohammad's cousin and son-in-law Hasan ibn Ali, the second Shiite Imam, son of Ali and Fatemeh Hossein ibn Ali, the third Shiite Imam, the most favorite character of Iranian Shiite Muslims, younger son of Ali and Fatemeh

Ali ibn Hossein, the fourth Shiite Imam, son of Imam Hossein, has two sobriquets: Sajjad ("prostrator") and Zein al-Abedin ("the best worshipper") Mohammad al-Baqer, the fifth Shiite Imam, son of Ali ibn Hossein, called Baqer (literally "openner") because he metaphorically cut open the body of Islamic teachings; was an authority who possessed immense learning and knowledge of Islamic traditions Jafar al-Sadeq, the sixth Shiite Imam, son of Mohammad ibn Ali, titled Sadeq ("righteous and just")

Musa al-Kazem, the seventh Shiite Imam, Imam Jafar al-Sadeq's son, called Kazem ("dissembling his anger")

Ali al-Reza, the eighth Shiite Imam, Imam Musa al-Kazem's son, the only Shiite Imam to be buried in Iran, called Reza ("pleased and contented") Mohammad al-Javad, the ninth Shiite Imam, Imam Reza's son, has a title Javad ("magnanimous") Ali al-Hadi, the tenth Shiite Imam, Imam Javad's son, has a sobriquet Hadi ("guide")

Hasan al-Asgari, the eleventh Shiite Imam, Imam Hadi's son, called Asgari ("supervised by militants") because he was strictly guarded to be prevented from having a descendant Mahdi ("guided by God"), the twelfth Shiite Imam, who is believed not to have died and who is promised to be the Messiah of Abrahamic religions. He is known under the sobriquets of Vali-ye Asr or Saheb al-Zaman ("the Lord of the Age")

Mohammad Zaman Miniator

A miniature depicts a Sufi Sheikh during the meditation.

Qajar Iran Images

A pictorial rug from the collection of the Carpet Museum in Tehran portrays Nur Ali Shah, one of the most famous Sufi of the Nematollahi order in Qajar Iran.

Isfahan Sufi

Despite general pre judice for depicting the saints in Islam, Shiite clerics were quite liberal to painters. Portrait of Prophet Mohammad is depicted in the 19th century by Sani al-Molk (in the National Museum in Tehran).

Imam Hossein

"Audience of Moslem with Imam Hossein" is a painting in the so-called qahveh-khaneh (coffee-house) style. It is the work of Hossein Qollar Aqasi (in the Reza Abbasi Museum in Tehran).

Antique Islamic Kashkul

Despite general pre judice for depicting the saints in Islam, Shiite clerics were quite liberal to painters. Portrait of Prophet Mohammad is depicted in the 19th century by Sani al-Molk (in the National Museum in Tehran).

Shiites agree with the Sunnites in the main religious postulates. Their principal distinctive belief lies in the doctrine of the Imam-ate: Shiites believe that the spiritual and temporal leadership of the Muslim community passed from the Prophet Mohammad to Imam Ali and then sequentially to eleven of Ali's direct male descendants, a tenet rejected by Sunnites. In Shiite Islam, the term "Imam" is applied to the person who is both a political and religious leader. The Imam is regarded by the main body of Shiites as immune from error and sin.

Ismailites The history of the Ismailites is seldom narrated without bias. The situation is further aggravated by the fact that a word "assassin" (from hashashin, denoting a consumer of hashish), given to its adherents by Europeans in the Middle Ages, has found its way into

Ismailites, called Sabiyah ("Seveners"), considered Ismail the seventh and last of the Imams. The majority of them, however, believed that the imamate continued in the line of Ismail's descendants. The Ismailite teaching spread during the 9th century from North Africa to India, and the Ismailite Fatimid dynasty succeeded in establishing a prosperous empire in Egypt.

Ismail ism was brought to Iran by Hasan Sabbah, who had been trained in Fatimid Egypt. He is known to Westerners as "the Old Man of the Mountains". Having acquired the dominant power among his followers, he managed to create a country (with headquarters in Alamut, near Qazvin) within the Seljuk Empire. This country had a more successful economy, based on trading herbal medicines and armor, than the other parts of the spacious Seljuk state. Hasan's successors continued to rule in Iran until Hulagu Khan's attack, when

A pictorial rug from the collection of the Carpet Museum in Tehran portrays Nur Ali Shah, one of the most famous Sufi of the Nematollahi order in Qajar Iran.

English with a strongly nega- Kashkul, a Sufi bowl, the last Ismailite ruler was exe-

tive meaning. It is true that the usef, hy dervishes for cutecj t -i-x • r- r- collecting alms. x » , T ,

Ismailites were infamous tor Modern Ismailites stand apart dispatching killers to murder leading political and religious figures, but their reputation for carnage has been greatly exaggerated. The Ismailites claimed themselves a highly intellectual religious sect and strove to implant in the society the ideas in which its members ardently believed. Instead of recognizing Musa as the seventh Imam, as did the main body of the Shiites, the Ismailites upheld the claims of his elder brother, Ismail. One group of

A miniature depicts a Sufi Sheikh during the meditation.

from the main body of Muslims. They do not have mosques and pray in jamaat-khanehs ("gathering houses"), and their mode of worship bears little resemblance to that of Muslims generally.

Suflsm

Sufism, or Islamic mysticism, which is considered an unorthodox religious movement, has a long tradition in Iran. The name probably derives from the Arabic word for wool, suf, that was

"Audience of Moslem with Imam Hossein" is a painting in the so-called qahveh-khaneh (coffee-house) style. It is the work of Hossein Qollar Aqasi (in the Reza Abbasi Museum in Tehran).

Herbal Remedy Secret Uncovered

Herbal Remedy Secret Uncovered

Discover How To Use Herbal Medicine Effectively To Heal Away Disease amp illnesses That Most Of The Herbalist Do Not Want You To Know About. If You Have Never Know What Is All About Herbal Medicines amp The Correct Way Of Using Herbs To Build A Healthier Life, Then This Guide Is About To Reveal All Just That.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment