Elam BC

In the late 4th and early 3rd a brilliant ancient culture came into being on the Iranian territory - Elam, "The Land of Gods". The origin of the Elamites is unclear. Their earliest kings reigned around 2700 BC. These early rulers were succeeded by the Awan (Shustar) dynasty, which was then replaced by a new ruling house, the Simash dynasty. About the middle of the 19th century BC, power in Elam passed to a new dynasty, that of Eparti.

This Elamite bronze tableau is the only three-dimensional example of worship in progress in the ancient Middle East (now in the Louvre).

Elamites Glass Iran

These two gold and silver figurines mounted on lumps of copper are almost identical representations of an Elamite king at worship (now in the Louvre).

From a 2nd-millennium-BC tomb at the Elamite city ofSusa, this life-size clay head lay next to a skull and may have been a portrait of the dead man (now in the Louvre).

The cemetery of Marlik (c. late 2nd—early 1st millennium BC) in northern Iran near the Caspian Sea, yielded rich tombs with precious metal vessels, glass objects, and ingeniously grotesque terracotta and bronze animal __ figurines in ¿he shape of m. humped

4 mwmm bulls.

died protecting - or stealing - it. The scene shows a storm god goading a bull spewing water onto the land and a boxer fighting a monster.

Iranian King Jamshid

According to Iranian myths, King Jamshid led his people from lran-Vij (a mythical place, probably the last common motherland oflndo-lranians) to Iran. He is reported to have shoved his sword into the earth three times, and made it expand thrice as big during three periods - the myth that has prompted the scholars that Aryan migrations were held in three major wves.

According to Iranian myths, King Jamshid led his people from lran-Vij (a mythical place, probably the last common motherland oflndo-lranians) to Iran. He is reported to have shoved his sword into the earth three times, and made it expand thrice as big during three periods - the myth that has prompted the scholars that Aryan migrations were held in three major wves.

825 BC - Rise of the Medes

776 BC - Greece's first recorded Olympic games are held 753 BC - The city of Rome is founded

728 BC - Deioces founds the Median Empire 644 BC - Assyrian king Ashurbanipal sacks Susa, ending Elamite supremacy 633-584 BC - Cyaxares 612-606 BC-Medes and Babylonians overthrow Assyrian Empire; destruction of Nineveh 584-550 BC - Astyages 565 BC - Daoism is founded by the Chinese philosopher Lao Zi 550 BC - Astyages is defeated by his grandson, future Achaemenid king Cyrus II

Persepolis Palace Darius

Parts of the column from

Persepolis, a complex of palaces built by Darius the Great and his successors, almost exclusively to stage the ceremonies of the Persian New Year (today in the National Museum in Tehran).

Parts of the column from

Persepolis, a complex of palaces built by Darius the Great and his successors, almost exclusively to stage the ceremonies of the Persian New Year (today in the National Museum in Tehran).

migrations. The natives of the Iranian plateau enthusiastically greeted the newcomers, who brought with them the technologies that could help them to survive. Among the Aryan tribes in Iran, three major groups are identifiable - the Scythians, the Medes, and the Persians.

The Scythians established themselves in the northern Zagros Mountains and clung to a seminomadic existence in which raiding was the chief form of economic enterprise.

The Medes settled over a huge area, reaching as far as modern Tabriz in the north and Esfahan in the south. The Persians settled in three areas: to the south of Lake Orumiyeh, on the northern border of the Elamite kingdom, and in the environs of modern Shiraz, where they established their main settlements, to which they gave the name Parsa (or Persia, in Greek). Gradually Iranian tribes, especially under the pressure of constant Assyrian attacks, started to reorganize themselves into kingdoms and then empires. The first-known Iranian empire was that of the Medes.

0 0

Post a comment