Ancient History of Esfahan

Esfahan's earliest history is shrouded in mystery and does not emerge with clarity before the beginning of the Islamic period. Naturally, however, legends abound. One of these calls the half-mythical King Jamshid the city's founder, while the other attributes the construction of the Tabarak citadel, the core of the ancient city, to King Key-Kavus of the legendary Kiyanid dynasty.

There is no certainty as to the origin of the city's name either. It is believed to be derived from a Pahlavi word, meaning an assembly point for armies, which may have gathered here during the Parthian and Sasanid periods.

Although information on the pre-Islamic period of Esfahan's history is very scarce, it does exist. There are reasonably solid grounds for believing that Esfahan could have been one of the most important cities of the Elamite kingdom. It may have been a subsidiary of Anshan, one of Elam's main cities. There are records of some Esfahan's residents having migrated to what

Since the earliest years • xru of its existence, Esfahan 1S now J^niizestan, at has been an important that time the heart of the Elamite Empire. In the time of the Medes, Esfahan remained a part of the Median kingdom and was known to the Babylonians. During the Achaemenid period, Gaba, the royal summer residence, is believed to have been located on the site of present Esfahan. The name Gaba has survived as Jay, which Arab geographers used for the oldest district in the city. As part of the Parthian Empire, Esfahan was ruled by one of the high-ranking sovereigns accountable to the Parthian king. Some even claimed that the last Parthian ruler, Artabanus V, was killed by the Sasanid troops on the site of modern Golpayegan, near Esfahan.

art center of Iran.

0 0

Post a comment