The Inuit occupy a vast geographical area stretching from Chukotka in the Russian Far East, across Alaska and Canada to the east coast of Greenland. A scant 150,000 people make this area their home, and although different dialects exist, they all speak largely the same language.
The oldest archaeological sites identified as Inuit are in southwest Alaska and the Aleutian Islands and date from around 2000 BC. The Inuit adapted extremely well to the harsh conditions they found themselves in, hunting whale, seal, caribou, muskox and bear for survival. Today, most Inuit hunt to supplement their income only, and commercial fishing, the service industry and oil and mineral extraction have become the main earners in most communities.
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