Triumphal Arch

North along tree-lined $oseaua Kiseleff is the Triumphal Arch (Arcul de Triumf). Based on Paris' namesake monument, it was a symbol of cultural ties prior to WWI.

The I lm-tall arch, constructed from reinforced concrete, and granite mined in Deva, was built between 1935 and 1936 to commemorate the reunification of Romania in 1918.

The sites of the WWI battles in which the Romanian front fought are inscribed inside the arch, and King Ferdinand and Queen Marie feature on its southern fa├žade. A makeshift triumphal monument allegedly made from cardboard and wood had been erected on the site in 1878 to mark the achievement of Romanian independence the previous year. In 1922 a new wooden structure was hastily thrown up in time for King Ferdinand's triumphant entry into the city as the first king of a united Greater Romania. The arch was so ludicrous that composer George Enescu wrote to the city mayor, demanding to know when a 'real' triumphal arch would be erected. Visitors can now climb stairs to the top of the arch (from 10am to 4pm) and get a bird's-eye view of the city.

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