Media

After an initial explosion in print media after the fall of communism, the situation has stabilised in Romania, despite a continued tendency towards sensationalism in its news reporting. Among today's most influential papers are Evenimentual zilei, Adevarul, Cronica Romana and Ziua. You can watch Romanian TV and hear live radio broadcasts at http: //www.cefta.org/memberstates/romania/romedia/romedia.htm.

Moldova has had a serious problem with freedom of expression in its media since gaining independence. The government has restricted journalists' access to and the right to publish information about material deemed sensitive. All six major newspapers are under some form of state control. The government also suspended the broadcasting of the hugely popular Romanian TV 1 channel (replacing it with a Ukrainian station) and of Russian ORT (which broadcast independent and locally-produced news reports). In 2003, the Council of Europe blasted Moldova for excessive control of its media, for inappropriate legislation and official harassment of reporters.

m. ..,, • , ■ • i inn ilull Kg) believes it to be at least 1.8 million,

,ii I. , . .1. I h| ■ .i .m h i iiinmunity in the world.

il. i 11111 111 :i .I i h I l.ii l.i i s brought the first enslaved Roma to Romania in i i In Itoiiiu (corturari) from India settled in Romania from tin I lli • niliiiy onwards.

\iiniiiil '•(>% of the world's Roma population was wiped out by the I lull h iiusl. They were persecuted under communism and are still widely irvlled today, blamed for crime and social instability and harassed by I lie authorities. The remaining nomadic Roma number anywhere from 2500 to 10,000. They are split between 40 different clans comprising 21 castes, each of which has its own traditional costume, superstitions and taboos.

Politically, Roma are represented by the Alliance for Romany Unity, the Romany Christian Centre, the Community of Roma Ethnicity and the Roma Party (Partida Romilor), headed by Madalin Voicu.

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