Historic Centre Calea Victoriei

Bucharest's historic heart sprang up around the Old Princely Court (Curtea Veche; Map p60) in the 15th century. Artisans and traders -whose occupations are still reflected in street names like Str Covaci (trough-makers street) and Str §elari (saddle-makers street) -settled here in the 14th century, but it was not until the reigning prince of Wallachia, Vlad Tepe§, fortified the settlement and built a Prince's Palace (Palatul Voievodal; Map p60) that it flourished as a commercial centre. At the end of the 18th century, heavily damaged by earthquakes, it was auctioned off to local merchants.

The Old Princely Court Church (Biserica Curtea Veche; Map p60; Str Franceza), built between 1546 and 1559 during the reign of Mircea Ciobanul (Mircea the Shepherd), is Bucharest's oldest church. The original 16th-century frescoes next to the altar remain well preserved. The carved stone portal

Gheorghe Caniacuzino

Sir_

Mendeleev icoanei Garden

Str Piclor Verona;

Verona

Str General Berthelot e- German t-Lutheran | % Church i

Str Thomás

George flnescu

Str Italianä

Walter Märäcineanu

Str Matei

Universität»

75 ffl?

Str Culmea • Veche

B-dul Regina Elisabeta o. Romanian Ii National ja Lipr§ty-

-Str Stavropoleos 34 :§Q44

CENTRAL BUCHAREST

Dämbovi'Ja

Nêtiunile © Unite Justice Palace U 39

was added in 1715. Southeast of the church stands Hanul lui Manuc (see Sleeping p69), built to shelter travelling merchants.

Stavropoleos Church (Map p60; Str Stavropoleos), the street name of which literally translates to 'town of the cross', was built by Greek monk Ioanichie Stratonikeas in 1724 in late Urancoveanu style. Prominent Romanian architect Ion Mincu designed the courtyard and restored this little gem in IK1)1). Inside are richly ornate wood and stone c arvings, coloured with paintings and frescoes.

I he Wallachian prince Constantin Brán-covcanu (r I6K8 1714) is buried in New St George's Church (Hisprica Sfantul Gheorghe-Nou; Map p60; Str lipscani), which was built in 1699.

Brancoveanu was captured by the Turks in 1714 following his refusal to take part in the Russo-Turkish War (1711). He and his four sons were taken to Istanbul where they were tortured then decapitated. His wife smuggled his mutilated body back to Romania.

Str Lipscani is the centre of a bohemian nightlife, with small streets crowded with bars and clubs. In summer a pedestrianised cobbled pathway, appropriately called Summer Street (Map p60; off Str Covaci), is alive with music and party people.

At its western end, Str Lipscani crosses Calea Victoriei, Bucharest's most historic street. It was built under Brancoveanu's orders in 1692 to link his summer palace in

INI I »KMATION

Mllrtlii r- Exchange

Ailifili .ii i Cultural Centre AIM Uflnca Comerdalä Românâ...

I i »-an Union Information

I limivirlfln Embassy

MVB H'ink

lllllfllM Noi

Nflllortfll Bank of Romania -

rii.iiin.icy & Optician. I'hIICp Station

I'm Dental Care

lenm-Blu Pharmacy

Itn§l Ulu Pharmacy

Inlrtphone Office

US Consulate

ll'i I mbassy

8 C1

11 C2

12 C3

13 81

14 D3

15 83

17 B4

20 C2

21 C2

Mill hnrest Financial Plaza 22 B4

ling Shell 23 B2

1 i nli,il University Library 24 B2

> horal Temple 25 D4

i I lurch of the icon 26 D1

I lynlglu Garden 27 A2

II unomic Consortium Palace 29 84

pjtOry & Art Museum 30 C3

Italian Church 31 C2

M.-morial Bust of Corrieliu Coposu .. 32 B?

National Art Museum 33 B?

11,illonal History Museum 34 B4

I Irw St George's Church 35 C4

Old Princely Court Church 36 C4

Prince Mihai Monastery 37 A4

Prince's Palace 38 C4

Princess Bälaja Churcn 39 C4

Romanian Athenaeum 40 61

Royal Palace 41 B2

Senate (Former Central Committee of the

Communist Party Building) 42 B2

St Slujbä's Monastery 43 D1

Stavropoleos Church 44 B4

Student Church 45 C3

Summer Street 46 C4

University 47 C3

SLEEPING U (pp68-70)

Alhériée Palace Hilton 48 B1

Bucharest Comfort Suites 49 C2

Hanul lui Manuc (Manuc's Inn) 50 C4

Hotel Banat 51 D3

Hotel Bucurejti 52 B1

Hotel Bulevard 53 B3

Hotel Capitol 54 B3

Hotel Capja 55 83

Hotel Carpal 56 B3

Hotel Central 57 B3

Hotel Continental 58 82

Hotel Inter-Continental 59 C2

Hotel Lido 60 B1

Hotel Muntenia 61 82

Hotel Opera 62 B2

EATING KB (pp70-2)

Bistro Atheneu 63 B1

Bistro Vilacrosse 64 B3

Caru cu Bere 67 B4

Count Dracula Club 68 84

I a Strada Terrace (see 48)

I a Taifas 69 B1

Mediterráneo 70 D1

Menuet 71 B1

Paradis 72 D3

Picasso Café 73 B4

Pâtisserie Parisienne Valerie 74 A1

Red Lion 75 B3

Trattoriä il Calcio 76 B1

Amsterdam Grand Café 77 C4

Club A 78 C4

Fire Club 79 C4

La Ruine 80 C4

Salsa 2 81 A1

Tipsy 82 A3

Twice 83 D4

ENTERTAINMENT 0 (pp73-4)

Art Jazz Club 84 C2

Backstage 85 C4

Cinema Luceafärul 86 C3

Cinema Patria 87 61

Cinema Scala 88 C1

Cinemateca Eforie 89 83

Green Hours 22 Jazz Club 90 A1

lori Luca Caragiale National Thealre 91 C2 Jukebox 92 C4

Queen's 93 D3

Pasajul Villacros (Covered Passage) 94 B3

Steaua Bucurejti Club Shop 95 B3

TRANSPORT (pp74-8)

Air Moldova 96 C2

British Airways 97 63

Double I (buses to Western

Europe) 98 B4

Europcar Car Rental 99 81

Main Agentie de Voiaj CFR 100 B3

Star Alliance 101 C1

Tarom 102 B4

Mogo§oaia, 14km northwest of Bucharest, with the heart of his capital city.

Bucharest's financial houses moved In the historic heart in the 19th century .liter the princely residence was moved to the north of the city. On the corner of Str I ipscani and Calea Victoriei stands the Bucharest Financial Plaza (Map p60), a mirrored luiilding. Next door is the Economic Consortium Palace (Casa de Economii §i Consemnatiuni, CEC; M.ip p60), designed by French architect Paul (¡ottereau between 1894 and 1900.

Casa Cap§a (Map p60; Calea Victoriei 36) was an historic café dating from 1852 and the meeting place of Romania's eminent artists, literary figures and politicians of the 1930s. It's now a swanky hotel - Hotel Cap§a (see Sleeping p70) - far removed from its Bohemian roots.

NATIONAL HISTORY MUSEUM The museum (Map p60; is} 311 3356; Calea Victoriei 12; adult/student/child €1/0.50/0.30; S9am-5pm Wed-Sun), in the former Post Office Palace, was built in a neoclassical style between 1894

and 1900. The 600,000 haphazardly arranged exhibits tell Romania's story from prehistoric times to WWI. The highlight is a treasury crammed with gold objects and precious stones. Allow a couple of hours to drift through the exhibits.

0 0

Post a comment