Dacians Prayer Excerpt

Be curses on the fellow who would my praise acclaim, But blessings upon him who does my soul defame; Believe no matter whom who slanders my renown, Give power to the arm that lifts to strike me down; Let him upon the earth above all others loom Who steals away the stone that lies upon my tomb.

Hunted by humanity, let me my whole life fly Until I feel from weeping my very eyes are dry; Let everyone detest me no matter where I go, Until from persecution myself I do not know; Let misery and horror my heart transform to stone, That I may hate my mother, in whose love I have grown; Till hating and deceiving for me with love will vie, And I forget my suffering, and learn at last to die. Mihai Eminescu

Hip-hop is fast gaining in popularity, and is well represented by local bands like Paraziti, Morometi, The Family, and Bustaflex. The R&B queen of Romania is Nico. Pashaman is a mildly popular singer doing something akin to reggae. Sadly, a pop style termed Manele has overtaken the airwaves recently; it's a suspicious mix of dance, hip-hop, reggae and homemade techno with wild flourishes of pseudo-Turkish and Middle Eastern-influenced waitings to boot. Cassettes of the stuff line the windows of train station kiosks, and is either loved or despised.

Several 1960s folk and rock bands remain very popular: Phoenix plays haunting and melodic folk that's close to the Romanian heart, while Iris still manages to rattle the roof with its hard guitar riffs. Pasarea Colibri is a contemporary, extremely popular band with great folk-inspired soft rock pop tunes; if there's a chance to see the band live, do so! Two popular, guitar-oriented pop groups from Moldova are Zdob si Zdup and Gandul Matei.

The Romanian classical music world is nearly synonymous with George Enescu (1881-1955), whose Romanian Rhapsodies Nos 1 & 2 and opera Odeipe are considered classics. He was as accomplished a violinist as composer, studied under Faure in Paris and was also a conductor, cellist and pianist. Other figures of note include composer Ciprian Po-rumbescu (1853-83) whose haunting, melodic works reflected links with traditional Romanian folk music; his lovely Balada and operetta Crai Nou are among his most popular works. Paul Constantinescu (1909-63) was a state-sponsored popular composer of film scores, opera (O noapte furtunuosa) and concertos.

Transylvania was an important European centre of classical music from the 16th century. Most of the activity centred in Sibiu, where one of Europe's first organ schools was founded, where Romanian composer Ion Caianu worked and where Liszt, Johann and Richard Strauss and Johannes Brahms visited and played.

In Moldova, two of the most prolific modern composers are Arkady Luxemburg and Evgeny Doga, who have both scored films and multimedia projects as well as written songs, concertos, suites and symphonies. Dimitrie Gagauz has for over three decades been the foremost composer of songs reflecting the folklore of the Turkic-influenced Gagauz population of southern Moldova. Working in Comrat, he has tried to keep old

The best introduction to Romanian classical music is Romantic Walk Through Romanian Music, a compilation of lovely pieces by Porumbescu, Enescu, Dimitrescu and others.

, I -ill ., I. it. Iiiii|! .tlioul forgotten instruments like the faul and l . .1 I I Iln« I lit- popular band Fisiu.


I i.m lllng through Romania, you're likely to notice a variety of styles: .iitllcd Byzantine porches and windows in Northern Dobrogea; ornamental, wooden gates in Székely Land; lavish villas in areas with rich ii»mliliriii| liyt'i lias Roma; gothic and baroque structural masterpieces in Transylvania; »mini Miiilimllimiks traditional folk-styled homes in small villages; and endless stretches of iilmiil Mnlilnvitii culture functionalist concrete block apartment buildings outside - and some-,inil l,un|u,it|o Issues. times in - most city centres. This is aside from the unique Saxon fortified Iry Studies In Moldovan churches in Transylvania, and Moldavia's fortified and painted monas-(1996) and The Romanian teries. Bucharest is a fascinating blend of grand, florid buildings, French Dialect of Moldova (1999). ecclecticism and Rococo. The Brancovan style, incorporating Oriental and Baroque elements was developed under Wallachian ruler Romanian Constantin Bráncoveanu.

One of the best articles about the particularities of modern Romanian architecture and of the peculiarities of the Soviet experiments in design (and their influence on the look of today's Bucharest) is loan Augustin's The Post Communist/Monumental Junk Space at www.anuc.ro /junkspace_e.html.

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