Revolution Reform

The Mexican Revolution of1910 lasted a decade and temporarily interrupted growth on the peninsula. Warfare had very little impact on most of Baja, except in 1911, when the Magonistas (see opposite) attempted to establish a power base in northern Baja.

After the Revolution, Baja continued in isolation, excluded from most of the grandiose political and economic development plans underway in Mexico City. Ironically, it was the passage of legislation in the USA that pump-primed the peninsular economy. The Eighteenth Amendment to the US Constitution -better known as Prohibition - outlawed alcoholic beverages north of the border, causing mainland Californians to flock to Tijuana, Ensenada and Mexicali for drinking, gambling and sex.

Border towns both prospered and suffered from this US invasion. Along with the money came an assortment of corrupt characters, and both Tijuana and Mexicali soon had a reputation for tawdriness and sleaze.

A major turning point in the history of Baja came in 1938 with the election of reformist President Lázaro Cárdenas (1934-40), who instituted sweeping reforms throughout Mexico. He banned casino gambling, cracked down on crime and built the Sonora-Mexicali railroad to reduce the territory's economic dependence on the USA and its isolation from mainland Mexico. Reforms later continued with President Miguel Alemán (1946-52), who built hydroelectric stations, irrigation projects and an expanded road system. In 1952, still under Alemán, Baja's political status improved as its northern half became the Mexican state of Baja California.

0 0

Post a comment